A graduate of Harvard College and Boston College Law School (Juris Doctor), Jerrold Oppenheim directed energy and utility litigation for the Attorneys General of New York and Massachusetts. In his 40+-year career, he has played a key role in the development of regulatory policy in US states as legal counsel and advisor for state governments, consumer organizations, low-income advocates, labor unions, environmental interests, industrial customers, and utilities. Oppenheim directed consumer and utility legal assistance programs for low-income clients in New York and Chicago for the US federal government's legal assistance program. He was founding Director of Renewable Energy Technology Analysis at Pace University Law School and directed the energy and telecommunications program at the National Consumer Law Center, a non-profit law firm based in Boston. Now in private practice, among his clients are non-profit community agencies that collectively implement about $100 million per year in low-income energy efficiency programs.
Oppenheim led pioneering negotiations of energy conservation agreements with the electricity and natural gas utilities in Massachusetts, culminating in legislation, and has won precedent-setting cases on low-income discounts, utility plant siting, investment in generating plant, service quality standards, discriminatory credit and marketing practices, and rate design. He has lectured and published widely in the US and internationally on public utility and consumer law topics, including articles in The Progressive, Chicago Tribune, and Boston Globe, and monographs for the National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners (NARUC), AARP (formerly the American Association of Retired Persons), the National Council on Competition and the Electric Industry, the European Federation of Public Service Unions (EPSU), Consumers International, National Consumer Law Centre, Legal Assistance Foundation of Chicago, American Civil Liberties Union, Edison Electric Institute, Evaluation Quarterly, Yale Journal of Law and Society, Law and Society, The Electricity Journal, and, with Theo MacGregor, Entergy Corp., the International Labour Office (ILO) of the United Nations, The Bergen Conference (Norway), the Confederation of State and Municipal Employees (BSRB, Iceland), the European Trade Union Institute (ETUI), Kings College London, and the International Association for Energy Economics (IAEE). They wrote, with Greg Palast, Democracy And Regulation (Pluto Press).
Theo MacGregor founded MacGregor Energy Consultancy in 1998, specializing in electric industry restructuring issues in general, consumer, low-income, and energy efficiency issues in particular. She has provided expert analysis on electric industry regulation, affordable rate design, energy efficiency program design, social programs in the utility sector, advocacy before regulatory and legislative bodies, and international regulation for regulatory commissions, government agencies, utilities, and US and international NGOs. Prior to founding her own firm, Ms. MacGregor spent more than ten years with the Electric Power Division of the Massachusetts Department of Public Utilities (DPU) (the state's utility regulator), leaving as Acting Director. In her decade with the DPU, Ms. MacGregor led the agency's efforts to develop policies and procedures for guiding the restructuring of the electric industry, including codes of conduct to govern the relationship between regulated utilities and their unregulated affiliates. She instituted the practice of involving regulatory staff in settlement negotiations for energy conservation cases and worked closely with utility companies and many other stakeholders to develop consensus positions. Ms. MacGregor has lectured and published widely on utility regulation, consensus building, and designing energy efficiency programs, including for IEEE Spectrum, the National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners (NARUC) and the National Community Action Foundation, and, with Jerrold Oppenheim, for Entergy Corporation, the International Labour Office (ILO) of the United Nations, The Bergen Conference (Norway), the Confederation of State and Municipal Employees (BSRB, Iceland), and the European Trade Union Institute (ETUI). Together with Mr. Oppenheim and Greg Palast, she co-wrote Democracy and Regulation, How the Public can Govern Essential Services. Ms. MacGregor holds an MBA from Simmons School of Management in Boston, Massachusetts.